Autism spectrum disorder is not defined as individuals without visual pursuit. There can be many differences in the level and degree of the disorder. Parents of children with ASD often have many worries and conflicts about the pursuit of vision. So, what are the causes and solutions for the pursuit of vision in autistic children?
We’re going to understand the causes of the visual pursuit of autistic children and talk about a three-step solution and to conclude, I can inform you about the general effect of this solution because the measures have to vary slightly depending on the level of social development of each child.
There are a lot of visual pursuits of autism. A typical visual pursuit behavior is the way a child may wave their fingers. Other visual pursuit behaviors include, running sideways, looking sideways while riding a bicycle, looking out the window of a car, looking at lights, playing with doors (opening and closing), constantly looking at books, and walking while looking at the floor.
If you look at the characteristics of the visual pursuit of autism, you can see that they are consistently present and generally intense. Among the various sensory pursuits, these are almost rare to continue even as an adult. Most sensory pursuits diminish as children grow up. Regardless of whether or not autism improves, these behaviors disappear, but the pursuit of vision does not completely disappear even if the child improves. As sociality develops it remains a characteristic that is difficult to completely resolve.
There is also a generally dual attitude of parents toward the pursuit of the vision of autistic children. When I look at a book and like it and then I express it in a strange way, this creates a sense of rejection. The reason for the dual attitude is not because children as they are, are the standards, but because they are based on social norms. In social conventional wisdom, when you look at books, you think they are great, and you think it’s weird to do unknown movements. It’s the same for autistic children. It’s the same way to pursue vision and see visual changes.
Why does autism have so many different visual pursuits that are hard to resolve and why do they last? The visual cortex is the final area of sensory development and evolves to the highest degree. The human senses have a sense of smell, touch, taste, vestibular sensation, hearing, vision, and these develop in order.
Order of neonatal sensory development: touch → taste → smell → hearing → vision
Because it develops last, vision develops at an advanced level from just before birth to after birth.
In autistic children, the visual processing area is active, while the primitive sensory area is unstable. Overactivation of the visual senses and an instability of the primitive senses such as touch, taste, and smell occurs. From a different perspective, the activation of the visual field of autism is a blessing and a talent. This is because visual areas such as children who scan books, children who grasp visual logic quickly, children who highlight numbers and letters alone, and children who solve math problems quickly learn and are cognitively active in different ways.
So what is the treatment for autistic children? Eliminating visual advancement is not a cure. Treatment is to activate the unbalanced sensory area in a neurotypical way. Treatment is about saving talent and overcoming weaknesses.
The positive function of the visual pursuit of autistic children is sensory interest and enjoyment, and the further exploration of the visual sense. The negative function of the pursuit of vision in autism is the narrowing of interest and the method of intellectual and social development. It is a problem because it reduces interaction with people, and sometimes the child may have a preference to only read one particular book, and because the child is interested in pursuing vision, their attention is narrow and intellect is limited.
The main question here is how can we preserve visual talent while creating social development? This is how you understand it.
The three treatments that are removed from the visual pursuit of autistic children are as follows:
Negative elimination methods.
There are three positive eliminations
Establishing a Balanced Development Process of Sense: Activation of Hearing, Touch, Smell, Taste and Increased Fun
e.g. Handling various instruments/toys/items, exercising, and playing various body movement games
Socialization Process Development: Decreased Self-Regulation due to Social Development
E.g., Being able to filter thoughts and processes in a social context – what is right to say in a social setting and what is not
Play activation using visual exploration: meaningful play using sensory tools is activated and replaced by visual pursuit
e.g. puzzle, maze search, drawing, various board games
You have to take a good look at what kind of vision autistic children pursue. Whether it’s color, shape, shape, motion. It is usually activated using play tools that can give the child visual satisfaction.
When should these three methods be regulated and used to engage autistic children?
You have to approach it step by step.
Severe Autism Period (Interaction Informed Period)
– Remove visual stimulation tools and play body games, touch games, and sound games
Interaction development period (when showing interest in people and having emotional interactions in the beginning)
– Floortime practice using visual tools so that children pursue their senses
Interaction + When instructions can be performed
– Replace with a meaningful visual play tool
Understand the advantages and disadvantages of visual pursuit and take a good look at what kind of visual sensation your child is pursuing. Please understand the causes and characteristics of the visual pursuit of autistic children and readjust the sensory urge.